Female employment is increasingly at risk due to COVID-19

March 13, 2022

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Female employment is increasingly at risk due to COVID-19

From the factory floor to the C-suite, women have seen their recent gains in workplace equality eroded by the ongoing health crisis. This is despite a direct relationship between an inclusive work environment and a healthy bottom line.

A new paper published in the European Journal of Business Management Research argues that while companies acknowledge that positive relationship, too many have discarded inclusivity practices following the pandemic’s outbreak. This is not just bad for women, they write. It will be bad for the company’s future growth and profitability.

What the researchers say: “As we point out in the study, women are 12 times more likely to step away from their jobs to take care of family members, whether it’s children or elderly parents. And if they stay, they may see their careers suffer due to reduced ability to focus on their work,” says the paper’s co-author. “In the long run, women losing or leaving their jobs in bulk will not only negatively affect global GDP. It will also reverse the progress that was being made before the pandemic.”

The researchers examined dozens of workplace dynamics reports by global management consulting firms such as McKinsey & Company and Deloitte, as well as large banks like RBC.

They found that due to the pandemic, women’s jobs were 19 per cent more at risk than those of men because they are disproportionately represented in sectors vulnerable to the COVID-19 crisis. The researchers estimated that global GDP will be one trillion dollars lower by 2030 if no action is taken to mitigate job losses for women. However, the same report states that giving women and minorities access to teleworking technology and other measures could add up to 13 trillion dollars to global GDP.

Women are also more at risk from job automation, which has increased over the course of the pandemic. Automation has impacted men and women almost equally, but men are more likely to be retrained and rehired because women face traditional barriers preventing them from developing new skills.

Furthermore, the researchers write, the pandemic has placed existing inclusivity and diversity hiring measures at risk. The lead author points out that these measures were already falling well short of stated goals long before COVID-19. She worries that firms will use the public health crisis to stall or reverse any goals they achieved, however modest.

“If these measures drop off, it will not be a short-term problem,” she says. “In five or 10 years, whenever the next crisis hits, where will we be then?”

The authors also found ample literature showing that women executives and managers often outperform their male counterparts. This, said the co-author, is due in large part to leadership traits more often exhibited by women leaders: inspirational behavior, participative decision-making, setting expectations and rewards, people development and being a good role model. This is in contrast, he says, to the ego-driven “my-way-or-the-highway” approach often seen in male managers.

Despite these headwinds for women, the researchers believe that the COVID-19 crisis has presented opportunities as well.

“Employers are realizing that if they don’t offer their employees some flexibility to work remotely, they won’t be able to build talent through their organizations,” they commented.

So, what? At the moment, because of artificial stimulus initiatives in the economies of developed countries we have a situation of nearly full employment and intense competition for some kinds of labor—lawyers and IT workers for example. Almost every economist I speak to is convinced that this won’t last. Governments will simply run out of money unless they seriously begin taxing large businesses and the very rich. That is highly unlikely to happen.

Added to that we have a resurgence of masculine dominance in politics (for example the US Republican Party), in culture and in other areas. What these two trends together will mean is that many of the advances that women have made, especially in the workplace, may be rolled back and they will be denied the chance to obtain the increasingly fewer well-paying jobs that are left.

Dr Bob Murray

Bob Murray, MBA, PhD (Clinical Psychology), is an internationally recognised expert in strategy, leadership, influencing, human motivation and behavioural change.

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