Can a planet have a mind of its own?
I don’t often include stories from astronomy journals, however, this one is so important and profound in its implications for all of us that it’s more than worthwhile giving it space this week.
Late baby boomers show concerning decline in cognitive functioning
In a reversal of trends, American baby boomers scored lower on a test of cognitive functioning than did members of previous generations. The decline was seen in all groups: men and women, across all races and ethnicities and across all education, income and wealth levels.
Yes, your dog wants to rescue you
Humans have come to expect rescuing from their canine companions. Simply observing dogs rescuing someone doesn’t tell you much, the difficult challenge is figuring out why they do it.
Is your job killing you? Stress, lack of autonomy, ability can lead to depression, death
Job control (autonomy) and cognitive ability act as resources that help people cope with work stressors.
You can change your personality
It has long been believed (except by us) that people can't change their personalities, which are largely stable and inherited. But a review of recent research in personality science points to the possibility that personality traits can change either through persistent intervention or major life events.
More than intelligence needed for success in life.
Many researchers have asked the age-old question: what does it take to be successful in life—especially in a career? Is it IQ, street-smarts, EQ or what?
Does your environment raise or lower your IQ?
The debate about intelligence rages in academic circles and what is astounding is the increasing number of factors which seem to dictate both intelligence—in all its forms—and our ability to use it. This study began with a question of primary interest to neurogeneticists and found something fascinating in its broader implications.
Use of electrical brain stimulation to foster creativity has sweeping implications.
What is creativity, and can it be enhanced—safely—in a person who needs a boost of imagination? There is a growing use of electrical devices that stimulate brain tissue (for depression for example), and some experts believe there is potential value in the technique—despite a number of recent studies which have thrown doubt on the results. However, use of these machines also raises neuro-ethical, legal, and social issues that must be addressed.
Popular "growth mindset" interventions are not effective
For some time, Alicia and I have argued that the standard tests and surveys for what is known as the “growth mindset” were based on dodgy science. We have preferred the idea of the “cycle of change” to explain how you can get a person to adopt a more positive approach to a particular challenge or on-going learning. It seems that we were right
If you believe it, it’s truer.
The sad fact is that people reflexively accept information as accurate if it aligns with their worldview. This is true no matter how much big data you throw at the issue. Facts do not mold opinions or decisions.
Women show cognitive advantage in gender-equal countries.
In fact female advantage in cognitive performance is highest in Sweden, which has the greatest gender equality, according to a new study.
Higher cognitive abilities linked to greater risk of stereotyping.
Higher cognitive abilities linked to greater risk of stereotyping. People with higher cognitive abilities are more likely to learn and apply social stereotypes, finds a new study. The results, stemming from a series of experiments, also show that those with higher cognitive abilities are more easily able unlearn stereotypes when presented with new information.
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